rails, postgres, database,

Reset primary key sequence

Swapnil Gourshete Swapnil Gourshete Follow Apr 16, 2020 · 1 mins read
Reset primary key sequence
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Resetting primary key sequence in Rails can be achieved by simply calling method reset_pk_sequence! on ActiveRecord with table_name.

  ActiveRecord::Base.connection.reset_pk_sequence!('table_name')
  • What is Primary key sequence?

It is a value maintained by database, which it refers to when adding new row. This is used to decide next value for primary key column. In most common scenario the column named id holds primary key for the table.

When first row is being added, id is set to 1. At this time id_sequence would be 2. When second row is added, id_sequence would be set to 3 and likewise.

  • Why to reset this sequence?

Sometimes due to imported records or other reason, id_sequence is not updated to hold the right value. Suppose we imported 10 records to the above schema with their ids from previous schema and those ids not conflicting with existing 2 records. And id_sequence is not updated.

Now the value of id_sequence is 3, at the same time record with id 3 is present(from imported records). In this case, database insert operation will fail with error duplicate primary key - validation failure.

  • How to reset?

Open database console and run

SELECT setval('your_table_id_seq', COALESCE((SELECT MAX(id)+1 FROM your_table), 1), false);
  • How to reset from Rails console?
  ActiveRecord::Base.connection.reset_pk_sequence!('table_name')
  • How to reset for all tables?
ActiveRecord::Base.connection.tables.each do |t|
  ActiveRecord::Base.connection.reset_pk_sequence!(t)
end

  • References -

StackOverflow - https://stackoverflow.com/a/244265

Rubyinrails - https://rubyinrails.com/2019/07/12/postgres-reset-sequence-to-max-id-in-rails/


Swapnil Gourshete
Written by Swapnil Gourshete Follow
Hi I am Swapnil, a Software Engineer and computer science enthusiastic